As we start to feel the bite of the legislative and bank policy changes that have been introduced in recent months, New Zealand has been left staring down the barrel of a major credit crunch.
In such a nuanced situation, of course it’s impossible to say exactly how everything’s going to pan out. When it comes to the housing market, the impact will vary from region to region, and even property to property.
For investors, the dynamics at play are going to have a heap of wide-ranging impacts – and there are a few big trends you should keep a watch for over the coming months and years.
Between the new responsible lending laws, tighter LVR restrictions, and higher servicing and interest rates, it’s a hell of a lot harder to access credit these days than it was a few months ago. And investors aren’t immune.
If you don’t pass the new servicing requirements, you won’t get approved to buy. It’s as simple as that, regardless of whether it’s your first property or your fifth. If you need a loan top up or want to borrow against a property in the event of an emergency, that’s going to be harder too.
For investors with several cross-collateralised properties with a single bank, it could be an especially tricky environment to navigate.
If you want to sell one of those properties, the bank is going to review all your other loans as well. If they don’t think you can afford the remaining debt (chances of which are a lot higher under the new restrictions), they might opt to take the full proceeds of the sale to repay more than just the loan on the property you’ve sold.
That’s why we’d always recommend our clients split their properties across different banks, to help manage that risk – but if you haven’t done already, that horse has well and truly bolted.
In my opinion the biggest risk for investors in the coming months is going to be a combination of a slowing housing market, and potentially softer house prices.
A lack of immigration and population growth, reduced affordability and borrowing power, has meant less buyers. Add to that the flood of new builds we’re seeing, and a degree of price softening is inevitable. In short, we’re seeing a shift towards a buyer’s market.
There’s a lot of development and we’re seeing record levels of consenting at the moment, as affordability prompts more first home buyers to look to new builds. Large, second-hand properties are still going to be attractive to developers and should maintain their value quite well. As always, though, location is key.
New builds could see a slight reduction in price, as that reduced affordability means buyers can’t front up on the same sort of prices we were seeing towards the back end of 2021. Prices will need to adjust to reflect that, and that could flow onto the value of development land as well.
Good looking properties in great locations are still going to sell well, particularly in areas (like Auckland’s Ponsonby or Westmere) where demand is high, and that development and intensification potential just isn’t there.
Historically, lifestyle properties have experienced softer prices in a buyer’s market. But thanks to COVID and people working from home, these properties have gone through a bit of a renaissance – and I think they’ll broadly hold up, especially anything that’s unique.
The tough to shift properties are going to be those that aren’t well presented, in less desirable locations. That said, these can offer an interesting opportunity for property traders looking to buy, repackage and on-sell to a first home buyer – provided they know their market.
Keep in mind that when we say price softness, we’re not talking a crash, but more a correction of some of the (truly insane) prices we saw at the end of 2021. For anyone who’s been in the market for a few years, and is already sitting on considerable gains, the impact is going to be negligible.
If you’ve got all your wealth tied up in property, it’s always been a pretty safe assumption that (if you needed to) you could easily sell part of your portfolio to tap into that wealth. Under this new environment, with less credit available, and fewer buyers in market, it could be a harder and slower process.
And throwing back to that earlier example… If the bank opts to take the full proceeds to cover your other debt, even if you can sell, you might be left with nothing to show for it.
None of this is to say that property investment is a bad thing, but there are a lot of headwinds pushing against the housing market at the moment, and not a lot supporting it. As an investor, caution is advised. Be aware of the factors at play, and the implications they could have for you, and for the wider market.